Types and 10 functions of an ecosystem

What is an ecosystem?
An ecosystem is a community of interacting plants and animals with each other and their physical environment. Which involve both biotic ( living ) and abiotic (non-living) that have to work together to sustain life. Examples include mountain, ocean, forest

Types of the ecosystem –:
Grassland ecosystem
Desert ecosystem
Tundra ecosystem
Wetlands ecosystem
Forest ecosystem
Marine ecosystem
Mountain ecosystem
Urban ecosystem

Every type of ecosystem has its unique importance and supports several types of plant and animal life. The ecosystem is the best way to establish relations with nature. It is very important for humans and animals.

Importance of our ecosystem?
The importance of the ecosystem is –
BIODIVERSITY – ecosystem helps a huge range of plants and animals. which are necessary for maintaining a lively plane CLIMATE REGULATIONS – ecosystem helps in regulating the climatic condition by storing and cycling carbon and various greenhouse gases.

WATER SUPPLY – ecosystem help in maintaining clean water by filtering it and sorting it in the soil and vegetation

SOIL FERTILITY – ecosystem help to maintain the fertility of the soil by providing nutrients and preventing soil erosion.

NATURAL RESOURCES – the ecosystem is a source of many natural resources, like – medicine, minerals, and timber

RECREATIONAL AND CULTURAL VALUE – ecosystem give opportunities for experiencing cultural and recreational value such as camping and hiking.

ECONOMIC VALUE – ecosystem also helps the industrial culture such as agriculture, forestry, and fisheries product, which contributes to the economy by providing employment.

Therefore, the well-being of our planet is built on the health of an ecosystem.

10 functions of the ecosystem -:
Ecosystems have a huge range of functions that are necessary for sustaining all living beings

NUTRIENTS CYCLING – there are several types of nutrients recycled from ecosystems such as carbon-hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen which are available for the use of a living being.

WATER PURIFICATION – ecosystem helps in purifying water and removing all harmful substances and giving a better water quality.

CLIMATE REGULATIONS – ecosystem help in maintaining the temperature and humidity of the planet and regulate the water cycle.

HABITAT PROVISION – ecosystem provides a diversity of communities and allows them to protect organisms and reproduce.

SOIL FORMATION – ecosystem decomposes the organic matter by promoting soil formation.

POLLINATION – ecosystem promotes the reproduction of plants and ensures food guarantee. Increase forests to connect with nature.

PEST CONTROL – ecosystem help in reducing the need for pesticides by providing the predators which are essential for controlling it.

CARBON SEQUESTRATION – ecosystem store carbon and helps in the reduction of climate change.

CULTURAL SERVICES – ecosystem provide cultural service which includes aesthetic inspiration and spiritual inspiration relating to the natural environment.

GENETIC DIVERSITY – Ecosystems preserve genetic diversity which is necessary for species to adapt and evolve.

The conclusion of the ecosystem is to keep our environment healthy and strong, there are various factors on which the ecosystem depends such as climate, geography, species interaction, and the impact of human balance between the different species and inhabitants is considered to be a healthy environment.

Though, when there is a disturbance to the ecosystem such as climate change, pollution, or the introduction of invasive species the balance can be disturbed and the ecosystem can suffer. this can be the consequence of a decline in the health and diversity of the ecosystem.
Therefore humans need to acknowledge the interconnect of the ecosystem and its effect on it.

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